Philosophical Inquiry transforms community into a community of inquiry when (1) practices and institutions are questioned and evaluated, (2) social collaboration and cooperation are enriched, (3) community becomes reasonable to the ideas of the members, (4) questions the basic structure, challenges authority and tradition, through appeal to reason, facts, and evidence, and (5) triggers its … The major questions philosophers ask about reality, knowledge and goodness provide wonderful opportunities to increase students’ engagement and self-image in the classroom. To see the rest of the philosophical inquiry write-to-learns, please download the following document: Once students have written to learn and inquire to deepen their philosophical literacy, the class is ready for Step 3, Introducing Philosophy in the English Classroom. They immediately start giving arguments, pro and con, on different sides of the issue. Argument - provide an … Sometimes, what is called for, is a certain sort of explanation — not a causal explanation, but an explanation for example of how two different views, which seem to be contrary to one another, can be held at the same time, consistently. In philosophy concerning the most fundamental aspects of the universe, the experts all disagree. One might think of arguments as bundles of reasons — often not just a list, but logically interconnected statements — followed by the claim they are reasons for. Some people have questions about the meaning of their beliefs and questions about the justification (or rationality) of their beliefs. What is the capital of the United States? Step 2: Philosophical Inquiry and Writing to Learn. A common view among philosophers is that philosophy is distinguished by the ways that philosophers follow in addressing philosophical questions. It is about questioning assumptions, digging for deeper understanding. When was the first World Series played? Others are able to think of criticisms from another perspective. A relatively small number of major philosophers prefer not to be quick, but to spend more time trying to get extremely clear on what the problem is all about. A bewilderingly huge number of basic concepts are poorly understood. For example: One might also consider some of the many questions about justification. Different assumptions would lead to different ways of living. Why?" Not all proposed solutions to philosophical problems consist of definitions or generalizations. This exchange and resulting revision of views is called dialectic. The working assumption is that the more clearly the question or problem is stated, the easier it is to identify critical issues. Some common features of the methods that philosophers follow (and discuss when discussing philosophical method) include: Plato said that "philosophy begins in wonder",[2] a view which is echoed by Aristotle: "It was their wonder, astonishment, that first led men to philosophize and still leads them. Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Philosophical Method and Galileo's Paradox of Infinity, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Philosophical_methodology&oldid=972207925, Articles needing additional references from May 2013, All articles needing additional references, Articles that may contain original research from May 2013, All articles that may contain original research, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 10 August 2020, at 20:12. One can do this sort of harsh criticism on one's own, but others can help greatly, if important assumptions are shared with the person offering the criticisms. Method in philosophy is in some sense rooted in motivation, only by understanding why people take up philosophy can one properly understand what philosophy is. Often, people fail to understand what it is they believe, and fail to understand the reasons they believe in what they do. This, therefore, indicates that philosophy is a quest for arguments. The initial impulse to philosophize may arise from suspicion, for example, that we do not fully understand, and have not fully justified, even our most basic beliefs about the world. Academically, the students developed their abilities to construct philosophical questions, gather relevant information for an inquiry from a variety of sources, analyze data, construct a well−reasoned thesis, write, reflect, and participate in a philosophical community of inquiry. Sometimes a philosophical theory by itself can be stated quite briefly. A lack of these things shows a lack of understanding, and some dislike not having this understanding. People often find themselves believing things that they do not understand. One can call this a philosophical explanation. Another element of a philosophical method is to formulate questions to be answered or problems to be solved. Philosophers are, or at least are expected to be, very good at giving arguments. All the supporting philosophical text is offered by way of hedging, explanation, and argument. Philosophical arguments and justifications are another important part of the philosophical method. Can one sport be objectively better than another? Philosophic Inquiry The nature and functions of philosophy, like those of any other enter prise, are determined by its subject-maner and its conditioning circum-stances. How many people live in poverty in the world? There is not just one method that philosophers use to answer philosophical questions. In many ways, any attempts to formulate a philosophical method that provides the ultimate constituents of reality, a metaphysics, can be considered systematic philosophy. For example, about God, themselves, the natural world, human society, morality and human productions. Evaluate positions Identify positions on the question CONCEPT The Philosophical Approach to Inquiry 13 Which of the following is a philosophical question? Once students are familiar with a sampling of these questions, they can be given the freedom to imagine questions of their own. It is rare to find a philosopher, particularly in the Western philosophical tradition, who lacks many arguments. 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